The Security Council today extended for one year the sanctions regime imposed on South Sudan, including assets freezes, travel bans and an arms embargo, numerous members stressed that instead of sanctions, the country needs a carefully managed support system to facilitate its transitional journey and overcome its security issues.
Resolution 2683 (2023) (to be issued as document S/RES/2683(2023)) was adopted by a vote of 10 in favour (Albania, Brazil, Ecuador, France, Japan, Malta, Switzerland, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom and United States) to none against, with 5 abstentions (China, Gabon, Ghana, Mozambique and the Russian Federation).
By that text, the Council strongly condemned past and ongoing violations of human rights and international humanitarian law by all parties, including by armed groups and national security forces.
Further, the Council decided to renew until 31 May 2024 the measures on arms imposed by paragraph 4 of resolution 2428 (2018), which direct all Member States to prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer of arms to the territory of South Sudan.
By other terms, the Council decided to renew until 31 May 2024 the travel and financial measures imposed by resolution 2206 (2015), according to which all Member States shall take measures to freeze the financial assets of designated individuals and prevent their entry into or transit through their territories.
Further, the Council decided to extend until 1 July 2024 the mandate of the Panel of Experts, as set out in paragraph 19 of resolution 2428 (2018), adding that the Panel should provide to the Council an interim report by 1 December 2023, a final report by 1 May 2024 and updates each month.
The Council reiterated its readiness to review arms embargo measures through, inter alia, modification, suspension or progressive lifting of these measures, in the light of progress achieved on the key benchmarks.
Meanwhile, numerous speakers highlighted the negative impact of sanctions.
Today’s meeting began at 10:11 a.m. and ended at 10:38 a.m.