Gender dimensions of Criminal Justice Responses to Terrorism
Women and men, girls and boys are among the victims of acts of terrorism, such as hostage-taking, explosives attacks in public places, or aeroplane hijacking. Terrorist groups, however, also specifically target women through acts of sexual and gender-based violence — such as rape, sexual slavery and forced marriage — as a means of achieving tactical, strategic, and ideological aims. Many terrorist groups encroach on women's human rights and impede their socioeconomic development, including by restricting their education, movement, work opportunities. In some contexts, women disproportionately experience internal displacement as a result of terrorist threats, and lose access to livelihoods owing to terrorist attacks. Women may also face gender-specific difficulties when attempting to access justice and seeking remedies as victims of terrorism.
UNODC's new "Handbook on Gender Dimensions of Criminal Justice Responses to Terrorism" is designed to provide guidance to Member States on incorporating a gender lens into the investigation and prosecution of terrorism offences, the detention of terrorism suspects, and support to victims of terrorism, including holding terrorist groups accountable for the use of sexual and gender-based violence.
The Special Event will be an opportunity to explore the way Member States and United Nations entities are taking into account women's involvement in terrorism as perpetrators and victims and designing gender-sensitive measures to prevent violent extremism and respond to terrorism.