3) Social protection can significantly reduce families' vulnerability, severe food insecurity and exposure to risk. In recent years, threats, and crises - due to both natural and human-made disasters - are not only more frequent but also increasingly complex. As such, the international community is progressively facing the need to tackle emergencies that combine several vulnerability drivers: chronic poverty, food insecurity, inequality, violence, instability, displacement, climate change, natural hazards, and weak governance
4) Enhancing agriculture productivity and food systems in general requires appropriate and affordable technology and innovations supported by sound policies and functioning institutions. Use of modern irrigation systems, mechanization of farming and reduction of post-harvest losses are high priorities for the continent. Adoption of sound policies and practices which enhance management of natural resources, identify and enhance innovative financing models and boost regional value chains are key to the desired agriculture transformation in the continent.